This is a beautiful description of heirloom sewing, with photos.
When Mother Lets Us Sew 1910 Sewing Instruction Book for Girls (Free Printable)
Hand Sewing Lessons: A Graded Course for the School and for the home 1905 Sewing Instruction Book (Free Printable)
Patterns From the Past A source for vintage patterns.
Browse the pattern catalogs at home before you go to the store. When they go on sale, you can go in and pick up what you want without having to look through the books:
Martha Pullen A source for books, fabric, lace, patterns, and supplies
Laci's Lace, lace making, tatting, vintage purse handles and more
Sense and Sensibility Patterns Period patterns for women, girls, and dolls. They also havee-patterns that can be downloaded immediately for considerably less than buying the patterns through the mail